Fursuiting: How to Put on a Quadsuit

As we posted in a previous post about types of #fursuits, #quadsuits are rare. Not only do they cost a lot more than a typical plantigrade fursuit, they’re more difficult to wear and move around in. We wouldn’t recommend them for anyone with known back problems.

Two fursuiters (Rossy kitty and Maravilla Angel Dragon) who own quadsuits demonstrate how they get into the suits in separate YouTube videos, which we have shared below.




Fursuit Types, Styles & Logistics

When you encounter one or more #fursuiters or you are thinking about owning a #fursuit yourself, you may be unaware of the various types & styles of #fursuits that exist today, as well as the various logistics involved in buying, owning & wearing one.

The most important logistics that will be impacted are as follows:

  • Fursuit cost.
  • Time needed to make the fursuit.
  • The amount of maintenance the fursuit will need.
  • How much heat the fursuit will retain, which will the wearer.
  • Other aspects that affect how comfortable the fursuit is while wearing it.

As to describing the type and style of a fursuit, several basic factors are used:

  • How complete is the fursuit, or level of fursuit completion.
  • Common fursuit styles.
  • Leg styles.

Level of Fursuit Completion

Fursuiters use a set of terms to describe how “complete” a fursuit is. Essentially, this is another way of saying how much does the fursuit cover the person wearing it.

First, not all worn fursuits have the same level of completion. To make it easy to describe how complete a fursuit is, furries & fursuiters devised jargon terms that that explain how a complete a fursuit is.

💁‍♂️ The more complete a fursuit is, the more the fursuit covers the wearer’s body.

Fursuit Parts

To best explain how complete a fursuit is is by defining which parts the fursuit includes. The typical parts of a fursuit are generally described as follows:

  • Head: the part that generally completely covers the fursuiter’s head and neck.
  • Handpaws: essentially furry gloves (or mittens) designed to resemble an animal’s front paws, often including thin pads on the palm side (depending upon the species).
  • Feetpaws: essentially furry shoes that often go up & over the ankle with soles that often have pads matching the color of the pads used on the hand paws.
  • Tail: worn on the back of the fursuiter’s waist.
  • Bodysuit: typically covering the fursuiter’s legs, arms and torso. (Might be 2-piece.)

In the absence of a bodysuit, the following parts may be present instead:

  • Sleeves: typically covering the arms from the wrists upwards to above the elbows or all the way up to the shoulders.
  • Furry Pants: worn as pants.

Basic Fursuit Types

Using the various fursuit parts, here are the four main types of fursuits based on level of completion:

Screen Shot 2018-08-09 at 7.55.36 PM

Logistics of the Basic Fursuit Types

Now, the logistics of the four basic fursuit types can be shown in the next table:

Screen Shot 2018-08-09 at 8.22.03 PM.png

Essentially, the more body coverage, the more expensive the fursuit will be, the longer it will take to make, the more maintenance it will require and the hotter it will be to wear. Also, the more body coverage, the less comfortable it will be.

Common Fursuit Styles

Beyond the level of completion of a fursuit, there are various fursuit styles. Here, we will mention four common ones:

  • Toony: toony fursuits are probably the most common of all fursuits. They are cartoonish in appearance; hence, the nickname: toony. They are highly distinguishable due to their typically over-sized facial features (such as eyes, ears and muzzle), as well as big handpaws and exaggerated smiles. Also, they tend to be extremely colorful, using very bright colors not typically seen on real animals.
  • Realistic: far less common that toony suits and unlike them, realistic fursuits are far more anatomically correct with the goal being to create a more true animal appearance. To do this, none of the parts are exaggerated as with toony suits, including the coloring, which is far more likely to resemble the coloring of an actual animal.
  • Semi-Realistic: semi-realistic fursuits are a hybridization of toony and realistic fursuits. An example might be a very realistic wolf head that has oversized toony eyes.
  • Kemono: these are similar to toony suits, except that they are inspired by Japanese anime. A distinguishing feature of a kemono fursuit is that it typically has a much shorter muzzle than a regular toony suit.

Logistically, the biggest difference between the various styles is going to be cost. Toony fursuits are going to be least expensive overall. Realistic fursuits are more expensive due to the increased amount of work to create realistic animal markings, which may include air-brushing. Semi-realistic fursuits will likely be about the same price overall as a realistic one, but possibly be more expensive. In this group, kemono fursuits are the most expensive because there aren’t many makers that produce them.

Leg Styles

Leg style refers to the appearance of the legs. The two most common styles are as follows:

  • Plantigrade: plantigrade refers to a style of anatomy of the limbs used for walking; specifically, one where the soles of the feet are used to carry the weight. Humans, bears, and rabbits are some examples of animals that have plantigrade legs.
  • Digitigrade: digitigrade refers to a style of anatomy of the limbs used for walking; specifically, where the weight is placed on the digits and not on the heels. Felines, canines and most other mammals are digitigrade.

This diagram shows the difference between plantigrade and digitigrade legs:


For fursuiting, to create a digitigrade appearance in the legs, additional padding is used in the front of the thighs, as well as the back of the shins. Logistically, this means that digitigrade legs are both more expensive and less comfortable than plantigrade legs.

⚠️ Fursuiters with digitigrade legs are more likely to waddle as they walk depending upon how much additional padding is in the legs to achieve the desired appearance.

Two far less common leg styles that we’ll mention here are the following:

  • Unguligrade: unguligrade refers to a style of anatomy of the walking limbs; specifically, where the animal stands and walks using the tips of its toes that have formed into hooves. Animals that are unguligrade include horses and deer.
  • Quadruped: as the name implies, this refers to a very small number of fursuiters who have created characters that walk on four legs. Quadruped fursuits are also called “quad suits” for short.

And, if you haven’t guessed it by now, logistically, both the unguligrade and quadruped legs are more costly than digitigrade legs. Also, both are far more uncomfortable; especially quadruped. As for cost, a quadruped suit may cost $6000. Unsurprisingly, they are rather rare.

Specialty Fursuits

An example of a “specialty fursuit” would be a “plush suit”, which is designed to make the wearer look like a stuffed animal. Naturally, these are much more expensive than typical fursuits due to the increased labor and materials required. Also, who ever wears one is going to become even hotter due to the additional padding to create the plush appearance. Plush suit handpaws don’t have fingers, which makes it incredibly difficult to use your hands to pick things up or do anything. Also, logistically speaking, it takes a lot longer for a maker to create a plush suit because much more time and labor is involved.


We want to thank Stormi Folf, who’s recent video about fursuit styles inspired this blog post. You can view his original video here:


Tips for Designing a Fursuit

For anyone who hasn’t designed a #fursuit before, here are some practical tips that you might want to consider.

Fur Colors

If you’re planning to use white fur, you might want to be careful about where you use it. Since white fur shows dirt more than any other color, you might want to avoid putting white on areas that are prone to being exposed to dirt, such as the feet, the butt or the bottom of the tail. All of these areas are more prone to getting dirty and white fur isn’t necessarily easy to clean. In other words, white fur can require higher maintenance to keep clean.

If you’re planning to use a lot of black fur, please bear in mind that suits that are mostly black tend to not show up well in photos or videos with other suits. Also, mostly black suits are hard to see overall in low light situations.

Complicated Designs

As many fursuits are based on artwork, color mixing and color fading that produce many shades aren’t easily done with sewing. When color fading or mixing is used on a fursuit, it’s usually achieved by airbrushing. While airbrushing can look great, not all fursuit makers use airbrushing. If they do offer airbrushing, it will add to the overall cost of the suit. Also, washing a fursuit can damage airbrushed paint, which means that after multiple washings, airbrushing may have to be redone.

If you’re considering symbols or other intricate designs to be sewn into the suit, please bear in mind that additional seams can weaken the fursuit. So you’d want to be careful about not placing intricate designs or symbols in areas that are going to stretch while wearing the suit. Also, additional sewing will also increase the price of a fursuit from a maker. It will also potentially increase the amount of maintenance that a suit needs.


Wings might look great, but they can be highly problematic on a fursuit. Not only do they add to the overall weight of the suit (which can make the suit more uncomfortable to wear), they can start to sag over time. Some fursuiters who incorporate wings make them removable so that they don’t have to wear them all the time. Wings add to the overall size of your character and greatly increase the likelihood of you bumping into things and people or people bumping into you. Wings also add to the amount of material that has to be shipped to conventions.


Thanks to Pocari Roo, who’s video inspired this article.



Some Cutting-Edge Fursuits

Just like any other form of #costuming & #cosplay, some #fursuiters are looking for ways to be on the cutting edge of the hobby by using electronics and details that require enormous amounts of hours to create. #Fursuiter Pocari Roo shared some of the #fursuits that she regards as being “insane” for how much effort these makers put into their amazing creations:

Here are fuller versions of those same fursuits:

“Beauty of the Bass” dancing at #Confuzzled:

“LED Dragon” at the 2017 #Antrocon:

“Gem Raptor” and mBlade at MCC in 2017:


King Hyena:


Whatever Happened to RainFurrest?

There used to be a fairly large #furry convention in Seattle called #RainFurrest. RainFurrest conventions occurred annually beginning in 2007 and ran through 2015 for a total of 9 conventions. Attendance for the inaugural 2007 convention was 370. This grew steadily until it reached its highest attendance of 2,704 attendees in 2015. Unfortunately, 2015 was the last RainFurrest convention to occur. What happened?

RainFurrest 2015 was a 4-day event that began on Sept. 24, 2015 and ran through Sept. 28, 2015. From what we have been able to uncover, a myriad of problems that occurred at this final convention is what brought about the end of RainFurrest. While not all of the information that lead to RainFurrest’s demise has ever been published, enough information exists to get a good idea as to what probably occurred. What it essentially boils down to is multiple types of inappropriate behavior & activities that some of the convention attendees had engaged in while at the convention’s venue: the Hilton Hotel located near the Seattle-Tacoma airport (known as Seatac).

The full extent of what had occurred at RainFurrest 2015 came out in small chunks, the first of which appears to be a letter to attendees from the RainFurrest board that was posted on Reddit. While the letter begins by mentioning many of the good things that occurred at the convention, it includes a list of problems identified by the RainFurrest board that occurred at the hotel:

  • For the last few years, the Hilton sustained more damage during RainFurrest than it did from every other event at the Hilton the entire rest of the year. This doesn’t even include damage to guest rooms or other incidental wear and tear like the elevators.

  • This year’s incidents include two plumber calls, a flooded bathroom that soaked the offices underneath, towels stuffed into a hot tub pump, and multiple petty vandalisms and thefts. A final damage report is still being compiled.

  • We had to send three people to the hospital and call the police twice.

  • By Sunday morning of con this year, the hotel was so exasperated that they were threatening to evict attendees for single noise complaints.

But this wasn’t all. Hilton’s headquarters sent a letter to RainFurrest that included a long list of complaints:

* Two attendee drug overdoses that required medical response and hospitalization for both attendees;
*Over 2000 spend nitrous oxide cartridges which are used as an illegal inhalant were found discarded in a guest corridor after the group checked out;
*A drug arrest in the adjacent parking lot of a person that police believe had ties to the RainFurrest group;
*A RainFurrest volunteer staff member was reported to have sexually assaulted a female attendee (the responding Sheriff charged the man);
*A guest room smoke detector was tampered with and discarded in a guest corridor;
*An elevator inner door cable was broken by an attendee trying to force the door open;
*A RainFurrest security staff member was seen using marijuana;
*Hilton received a phone call and follow up e-mail from an attendee complaining about rampant drug use and alcohol consumption that was allowed by RainFurrest staff.

While we’re not sure when Hilton’s headquarters sent their letter, it was probably sometime in October, 2015 as suggested by a Feb. 5, 2016 post on the RainFurrest website explaining that RainFurrest organizers had been looking for a new venue for 2016 since October, but had failed to find one. A snippet of that post is listed below:

“As many of you know, RainFurrest has been in search of a new venue since October 2015. We have discussed and explored facilities in many wonderful areas, finding options with a number of excellent venues in Greater Seattle and western Washington state. Our hard-working hotel team has fought for every possible option that would suit what our fans want out of RainFurrest. Tonight, the last of those options has closed to us.”

Hence, RainFurrest 2016 never occurred. After the search for a willing venue in western Washington (which is closest to Seattle) had been exhausted, attempts had even been made to move the event to Spokane, which is in eastern Washington; but according the Tank Winters (a.k.a., Trapa), someone had sent letters to the hotel in Spokane that encouraged them not to sign a convention contract with RainFurrest. (That is further explained in the video that we posted below.) RainFurrest was then completely shut down in or before February, 2017, which is when the final tweet was made on the RainFurrest Twitter account saying farewell.

The following video is from a 2016 convention panel in Vancouver, B.C. with Tank Winters (a.k.a., Trapa) who was one of the organizers & board members of RainFurrest. He gave a rather detailed look into what happened at and after the final 2015 RainFurrest convention, as well as the attempts to have a 2016 convention at a different venue.

Another YouTube video was posted in early 2017 summarizing everything that had occurred at RainFurrest 2015 and why the convention could not find another venue. Some of the things in this video are exaggerated, but it still gives an idea as to what was occurring:

A longtime RainFurrest attendee & helper also posted a video blog regarding his thoughts on RainFurrest in Feb. 2016.

From everything we’ve seen, the number one problem that got RainFurrest shut down was drug use by some attendees at the final 2015 convention. Residents of Washington state had approved the use of recreational cannabis in 2012 and the first recreational cannabis stores in Washington opened to the public on July 8, 2014. That, however, didn’t obligate hotels like the Hilton to permit the use of cannabis at their locations. Unfortunately, some attendees chose to ignore this prohibition by the hotel and used cannabis anyway, along with a variety of other prohibited drugs and inhalants.

The question is, did all of the attendees truly understand that drugs couldn’t be used at the hotel? When we read the RainFurrest 2015 Code of Conduct, there is actually no mention of drugs in the Code of Conduct at all. While there is a reference to following the hotel’s rules and policies,

“As a convention attendee, you are a guest of the hotel and must abide by the hotel’s rules and policies whenever you are on the premises.”

there was no link to what those hotel rules and policies were as of 2015. This, in our opinion, was something that the RainFurrest board failed to publicize.

While tampering with a smoke detector was probably a major issue for the hotel (due to liability), we strongly believe that the lack of adequate security provided by the RainFurrest board was the other major contributing factor to the demise of the convention.

Thus, drug use and lack of security (plus all of the vandalism that occurred at the hotel) greatly damaged the reputation of the RainFurrest convention, its attendees and its board. While the problems were likely only due to a small number of attendees, it was enough to harm the entire convention.

As we posted in April of this year, the public perception of costumers, cosplayers & furries is the responsibility of all costumers, cosplayers & furries. Once reputation has been damaged, it’s usually very difficult to rebuild.


Public Perceptions of Costumers, Cosplayers & Furries: Who’s Responsible?

All #costumers, #cosplayers & #furries share one common responsibility: public perception. That public perception applies to the fandom(s) being represented by costumers, cosplayers & furries; the perceived reason(s) why costumers, cosplayers & furries dress up in #costumes; and (most importantly) the types of activities that costumers, cosplayers & furries engage in while in costume.

Any time that costumers, cosplayers or furries are in costume in a public space, members of the general public who are not costumers, cosplayers or furries themselves will also be present and they will be able to observe what the costumers, cosplayers or furries are doing while they are in costume. A public space could be a public park, a city street, a convention center, a hotel lobby, etc.

Who are the members of the general public? They are, in all likelihood, a combination of adults and underaged children. Also, members of the general public are going to be a cross-section of society itself, which includes a myriad of beliefs, as well as a myriad of ethical, moral and political points of view.

While there will always be a wide variances in the points of view that different people have, there are also going to be some points of view that are probably going to be commonly held by most people when they pertain to intimate behaviors between people who are in a public space and how acceptable those intimate behaviors are.

  • Some types of intimate behaviors that are likely going to be regarded by most people as being acceptable while in a public space include a couple holding hands; family members or friends hugging each other; someone kissing another on the cheek; a brief kiss on the lips between adults; etc.
  • Some types of intimate behaviors that are more likely going to be regarded by most people as being unacceptable while in a public space include very long passionate kisses on the lips; physical contact that is more than a simply embracing or hugging; touching parts of the body that are never shown while in a public space; etc. At this level, these types of intimate behaviors can cross over to being regarded as sexual; and anything construed to being a sexual activity or imitating a sexual activity while in a public space is probably not going to be an acceptable behavior.

Let’s ask a question: what may happen if people (the ‘participants) are observed by others (the ‘observers’) while they are actively participating in unacceptable intimate or sexual behaviors while in a public space?

Obviously, many (if not most) of the observers are going to quickly develop a very poor opinion of the participants. But it doesn’t end there: if the participants are identified as being part of a specific group, there’s a good chance that many of the observers are also going to associate other members of that same group with that behavior, then apply the same poor opinion to other group members even though they weren’t involved. It also won’t necessarily matter if the group as a whole doesn’t condone that type of unacceptable public behavior: they’ll still bear the burden of that low opinion caused by the actions of a few.

Now, let’s take this up a notch. We live in a very interconnected society thanks to the Internet and smart phones that include cameras capable of taking both pictures and videos. If an observer takes out his or her smart phone and takes pictures or or video of the participants as they are actively engaged in an unacceptable public behavior, then that observer shares those pictures or video on the Internet, what’s going to happen? Within a matter of seconds the total number of observers will increase from a handful of people to potentially millions of people.

As we have discussed in past posts, some costumers & cosplayers are members of costume clubs; and many costume clubs have written charters that include codes of conduct that define specific types of behaviors that are not acceptable for costume club members to engage in while in costume or otherwise representing the club. Why? To maintain a positive public perception of the costume club and its members. Members who engage in an activity that violates the costume club’s code of conduct face potential punishment that could include suspension from the club or even banishment.

Similarly, many businesses and corporations require their employees to take annual training in order to prevent the employees from engaging in behavior that could potentially cause a negative public perception of the company,  which could undermine the company’s bottom line: it’s ability to conduct business and make money. If an employee violates a company’s policies, he or she may be suspended, be put on probation or possibly be terminated.

So, who then bears the responsibility of public perception in the costuming, cosplay & furry communities? We all do!!!

Are there any examples of what could go wrong when one or more costumers, cosplayers or furries engages in unacceptable behaviors while in a public space? Unfortunately, yes; and the most recent occurrence that we are aware occurred at “Furry Weekend Atlanta” (FWA) two weeks ago. Ironically, our previous post was about the dance contest that occurred at FWA.

2 weeks ago, 2 individuals (presumably men) dressed as human pups (by wearing what is typically viewed as being fetish attire) started to play with each other as puppies in the hotel lobby where FWA was occurring. The 2 individuals wrestled with each other and then one got on top of the other and remained there for roughly 30 seconds, which gave the appearance that some sexual stimulation was occurring in that position. As these 2 individuals were engaged in this actively, other furries were walking by, as well as members of the general public. Then, one of the FWA attendees who was on a balcony overlooking the lobby took video of the 2 individuals and did what? Posted an edited video emphasizing the 30-second period when one of them was on top of the other onto their personal Twitter feed. The backlash was immediate and includes an unflattering article in a well-known British publication.

We learned about this incident from the World of Rooview YouTube channel:

One very important distinction that Roo points out is the difference between fursuiting and the adult activity known as “pup play”:

  • Fursuiting is the creation of anthropomorphic characters through costuming. Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities, including animals and animal characters.
  • “Pup play” is an adult activity in which one or more humans behave like a puppy. It is a type of zoomorphism, which is the attribution of animal behaviors and characteristics to humans (or other things). Thus, it is the opposite of anthropomorphism.

While the 2 “pup play” participants that were publicly wrestling with each other in the hotel lobby were not wearing fursuits at the time they were filmed, there is a presumption that they were also FWA attendees because they were wearing fetish pup play attire. Whether or not they were actually FWA attendees, they’re costumes associated them with FWA, other furries in attendance and the broader furry community at large. Had these 2 individuals only engaged in this activity in a more private location (such as their hotel room or some other site away from FWA) then this would not have become an issue. Also, had the person who filmed their questionable public activity taken their concerns to an FWA representative instead of posting it online for millions of people to see, then this would not now be associating FWA or the furry community as a whole due to the actions of only 2 participants.

Our request here is simple: if you are in costume in a public space, please do not engage in behavior that could be deemed as sexual, imitating sexual activity or be otherwise interpreted as being inappropriate or unacceptable in a public setting. Because if you do, it can reflect poorly on everyone in the hobby.


Fursuiters Do Something that No Other Cosplayers Do: Dance Contests

What you won’t see at a typical comic or anime convention you will see at a #furry convention: a dance contest! These #fursuiters (or #furries) not only put a lot of effort into their #fursuits, but their dance moves while wearing their fursuits as well.

Here’s a furry dance competition that occurred this past weekend at Furry Weekend Atlanta (or #FWA) and was filmed by Fursuiter Blazzer:

Regardless of what type of #cosplay you enjoy, it’s ultimately about having fun.